Communities’ violence and psychosocial problems on unified public examination performance of senior secondary school students in Kano metropolis, Nigeria


Alexander Ogaga Onyachom
Paul Jonah Otalu


Introduction: Stakeholders are concerned with dismal academic performance in examination organized by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and the National Examination Council (NECO). Results released by these examination bodies have been poor over a period of time.

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine the influence of community violence and psychosocial problems on the academic performance of senior secondary school students in Kano metropolis.

Methodology: A survey research design was adopted for this study. A sample of 363 senior secondary school students from 10 Government senior secondary schools in Kano metropolis were selected. Data were obtained using three research instruments (ESACOV, UCLA Reaction Index and MEATS) with reliability co-efficient of 0.74, 0.72 respectively. Analysis of data was by the use of percentages, frequency counts to answer the research questions as t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to test the hypotheses.

Results: Results obtained showed that students exposed to community violence manifest some psychosocial problems which include depression, feeling of insecurity, loss of memory etc. The post-traumatic stress disorder exhibited by students exposed to community violence include displacement, bereavement, separation, involvement in hostilities among other males and female students exposed to community violence were found to differ in academic performance.

Recommendations: It was recommended among other things that extra efforts need to be made by teachers to help students exposed to community violence to improve on their academic performance. The study concluded that there is a significant relationship between psychosocial problems and academic performance of students exposed to community violence.


How to Cite
Onyachom, A. O., & Otalu, P. J. . (2021). Communities’ violence and psychosocial problems on unified public examination performance of senior secondary school students in Kano metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Educational Research in Developing Areas, 2(2), 121-133.


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