Principals’ problem-solving skills on management of student discipline in public secondary schools in Bomet county, Kenya


Ezekiel Chepkwony
Justina Ndaita
Matere Audrey


Introduction: Student discipline is a global phenomenon. In Kenya, student indiscipline is ubiquitous in secondary schools. This problem has been attributed to many factors, including school principals’ managerial skills.

Purpose: This study examined the influence of school principals’ problem-solving skills on the management of student disciplines in public secondary schools in Bomet County, Kenya.

Methodology: The study used descriptive survey research design. It targeted 572 subjects, comprising 5 Sub-County Education Directors, 189 principals and 189 deputy principals and 189 senior teachers. A sample of 239 respondents, comprising 78 principals, 78 deputy principals and 78 senior teachers proportionally distributed and all the 5 Sub-County Education Directors, was obtained using Yamane’s formula and simple random and purposive sampling. The data was collected using a structured questionnaire and interview schedule. Interview data was subjected to content analysis. Meanwhile, SPSS version 24 was used to analyse quantitative data to generate descriptive statistics.

Results: The study results indicated that principals’ problem-solving skills had a positive and significant effect on the management of student discipline in public secondary schools (β3=0.225, p=0.007).

Conclusion: Therefore, effective mastery and application of problem-solving and decision-making skills can enhance school principals’ roles in promoting and managing student discipline.

Recommendations: School principals should be equipped with problem-solving skills such as ability to identify problems and come up with possible solutions, evaluate various solutions, choose and implement best solutions, evaluate outcomes, employ creativity to identify and resolve student problems, show reliability, confidence and be analytical in tackling student problems.


How to Cite
Chepkwony, E., Ndaita, J., & Audrey, M. (2024). Principals’ problem-solving skills on management of student discipline in public secondary schools in Bomet county, Kenya. Journal of Educational Research in Developing Areas, 5(1), 44-58.


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