Psychological variables and consumption of healthy meals among first cycle students in Calabar metropolis, Nigeria


Levi Udochukwu Akah
Valentine Joseph Owan
Godswill Andrew Uduigwomen
Stephen Ushie Akpa


INTRODUCTION: Many higher education students indulge in risky eating behaviours which tend to affect their physical, psychological and academic health. Previous studies have tried to understand the trend in students’ eating patterns without paying adequate attention to contributing factors.

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the influence of selected psychological variables on the consumption of balanced diets among students in two public universities in Calabar Metropolis, Nigeria.

METHODOLOGY: A research question was posed, and a formulated hypothesis to guide the study. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. A total of 12,530 faculty of education students spread across two public universities in Calabar Metropolis constituted the population of this study. A sample of 125 students was randomly selected through the stratified technique. A four-point questionnaire was used for data collection after validation by experts. Descriptive statistical measures such as mean, standard deviation, and percentages answered the research question. The null hypothesis was tested at the .05 level of significance using the one-sample t-test analysis.

RESULTS: Findings revealed that the influence of psychological variables (such as stress, emotions, and mental state) on students’ consumption of balanced diets is not significantly low.

RECOMMENDATIONS/CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS: Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that students cultivate the habit of always eating quality meals rich in nutrients, irrespective of their psychological state, to maintain a healthy life.


How to Cite
Akah, L. U. ., Owan, V. J., Uduigwomen, G. A., & Akpa, S. U. (2022). Psychological variables and consumption of healthy meals among first cycle students in Calabar metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Educational Research in Developing Areas, 3(2), 223-236.


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