Introduction: The concept of school leadership has attracted the attention of many stakeholders in education sector. Students’ academic achievement is greatly determined by the decisions made by the school governance. The leadership style used by leaders influences the decision making process, communication process and implementation of decisions made.
Purpose: The study sought to find out the extent to which task-oriented leadership style used by school heads in public secondary schools in Nyeri Central Sub-County affects students’ academic achievement.
Methodology: The study used descriptive research design to obtain accurate information concerning the current existing phenomena. The sample consisted 590 statistically sampled using Krejcie’s and Morgan’s table of sampling. Data was collected using structured questionnaires and interview schedules. After pilot study, the researcher checked validity and reliability of the tools. The reliability value of the tool was 0.8. To enhance consistency of the tool, test-retest reliability technique was used and yielded a coefficient of 0.76. Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient was used to determine the relationship between task-oriented leadership style and students’ academic achievement.
Results: The study found that principals who practiced task-oriented leadership style posted high mean mark in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE). The study also revealed that majority of principals practiced relationship-oriented leadership style hence, it was the most prevalent leadership style in Nyeri Central Sub-County. The study found a strong positive correlation between task-oriented leadership style and students’ achievement.
Recommendations: It is recommended that principals’ should incorporate different leadership styles depending on the situation at hand to promote high students achievement.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Adeyemo, D. A. (2001). Teachers’ job satisfaction, job involvement, career and organizational commitments as correlates of student-academic performance. Nigerian Journal of Applied Psychology, 6 (2), 126–135.
- Aggrawal, Y. P. (2008). Education in emerging indian society handbook. Anshah.
- Aldag, R. (2001). Organizational behaviour and management: An integrated skills approach. WEA South Western.
- Bennis, W. (2013). Becoming a leader. Basic Books
- Budohi, L. A. (2014), The effect of principals leadership style on the academic achievement of students’ in public secondary schools in Lurambi division, Kakamega. Unpublished Masters of Education Project. Kenyatta University.
- Chan, S. C. (2014). Paternalistic leadership and employee voice: Does information sharing matter? Human Relations, 67(6), 623–633.
- Duze, C.O. (2012). Leadership styles of principals and job performance of staff in secondary schools in Delta State of Nigeria. An International Journal of Social Arts and Humanities. 1(2), 34-45.
- Harerimana, J. P., & Adegoke, O. T. (2017). Investigation on the influence of leadership styles on students’ academic performance in selected secondary schools: A case study of Gosabo district, Kigali, Rwanda. A journal of Research and Method in Education,7, 18-21.
- Hardman, B. K. (2011). Teacher's perception of their principal's leadership style and the effects on student achievement in improving and non-improving school (2011). Graduate Thesis and Dissertation. https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/etd/3726
- Huka, M. D. (2003). A study of head teachers’ management styles and performance of KCSE examination in Mandera district. Unpublished Master of Education Project, University of Nairobi.
- Kabuchi, S. N., & Gitau P. K. (2010). Influence of head teachers’ leadership styles on pupils’ performance at Kenya certificate of primary education in west lands district. Unpublished Masters of Education project, University of Nairobi.
- Kearns, P., Murphy, M., & Villiers, G. (2006). Industry education partnership: Innovation and learning. The report. Office of Training and Further Education, 1(2), 34-36.
- Kitavi, M. J. (2014). Influence of head teachers’ leadership on pupils performance at Kenya certificate of primary education in Matinyani Sub-County, Kitui County Kenya. Unpublished Masters of Education Project, University of Nairobi.
- Moffitt, J. R. (2007). What works: principal leadership behaviours that positively impact student achievement in elementary schools. Electronic Theses & Dissertations. 264. https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/etd/264.
- Muli, M. M. (2005). Effects of headteachers’ management styles on performance in Physics at KCSE examinations in Mutomo Division, Kitui District. Unpublished Masters of Education Project, University of Nairobi.
- Obama, M. O., Eunice, L. A., & Orodho, J. A. (2014). Effects of principals’ leadership style on students’ academic performance in public secondary schools in Homabay County, Kenya. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2, 2-20.
- OECD. (2003). Activity attracting, developing and retaining effective teachers. OECD.
- Okoth, U. A. (2000). A study of the effects of leadership styles on performance in KCSE examination in Nairobi Province. Unpublished M. Ed. Thesis, University of Nairobi.
- Okumbe, J. A. (2001). Human resource management and education perspective. Education Development and Research Bureau.
- Teri, D. M., Barbara, J. M., & Lucindia, C. (2013). The relationship of leadership and students’ achievement across societal cultures. A Journal of Social and Behavioural Sciences. 106, 3052-3061.
- Wang, H., & Guan, B. (2018). The positive effect of authoritarian leadership on employee performance: The moderating role ofpower distance. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 357- 367.
- Wangui, E. K. (2007). An investigation of how leadership styles affect performance in public secondary schools in Mathioya Division, Murang’a district. Unpublished M. E. Project, University of Nairobi.
- Yahya, S. A. (2015). Leadership styles, types and students achievement in Nigeria. Doctor of Philosophy. Thesis University of Tun Hussein. Onn, Malaysia.
- Yambo, J. M. O. (2012). Determinants of KCSE examination performance in SDA sponsored schools: A key to academic promotion to the next level of learning. Lambert Academic Publishing.
- Yusuf, A. F. (2012). Influence of principals’ leadership styles on students’ academic achievement in secondary schools. Journal of Innovative Research in Management and Humanities. 2(3), 110-115.
- Zhao, Y. (2010). Preparing globally competent teachers: A new imperative for teacher education. Journal of teacher education, 61, 421-4251.