Introduction: Ethical leadership is crucial in all organizations in relation to the successful attainment of institutional vision and mission. However, the influence of morally laden normative leadership on the promotion of ethical practices in primary teacher training colleges in Kenya has not yet been fully analysed and will require further interrogation. This gap is addressed in this study.
Purpose: The study analysed how normative leadership can inspire ethical practices contained in Chapter Six of the Kenyan 2010 constitution, in the context of primary teacher education in Kenya.
Methodology: Within the phenomenological research design, interviews were conducted to answer two questions, related to how normative leadership inspires ethical practices in public primary teachers training colleges (TTC) in Kenya. The purpose-sampling technique was used to select 35 leaders of TTC and seven regional education officers. Thematic analysis was used whereby the coded data was manually analysed on the basis of identified themes and presented in the form of tables and narratives.
Results: The research findings revealed that as role models, normative leaders can succeed in creating a positive ethical environment that institutionalize ethical practices contained in Chapter Six of the Kenyan Constitution to be precise; integrity, discipline, dedication to duty and moral decision making within primary teacher education in Kenya.
Conclusion: This study established that the impact of normative leaders as they demonstrate virtuous behaviour and are positive role models in the context of moral goodness and moral duty could inspire ethical practices within training colleges for teachers.
Recommendation: The study proposed a philosophical paradigm of normative leadership that can positively influence the mind-set of leaders and their subordinates within TTC to internalize ethical practices on the foundation of moral goodness and moral duty.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Abakpa, B.O., Agbo-Egwu, A.O., & Abah, J.A. (2017). Emphasizing phenomenology as a research paradigm for Interpreting growth and development in mathematics education. The Mathematical Association of Nigeria, Mathematics Education Series, 42(1), 391-405.
- Andafu, E. M. (2019). A critique of Plato’s conception of morality with reference to the teacher’s expected examination integrity in Kenya. (Doctoral thesis). University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
- Benlahcene, A., Zainuddin, R. B., Syakiran, N., & Ismail, A. B. (2018). A narrative review of ethics theories: Teleological & deontological Ethics. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 23(7), 31- 38.
- Eisenbeib, S.A., & Brodbeck, F. (2014). Ethical and unethical leadership: Across-cultural and cross-sectoral analysis. Journal of Business Ethics, 122(2), 343-359
- Brown, M. E., & Trevino, L. K. (2014). Do role models matter? An investigation of role modelling as an antecedent of perceived ethical leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 122(4), 587-598.
- Caulfield, J. (2019). How to do thematic analysis. https://www.scribbr.com/methodolgy/thematic-analysis/
- Chesterton, G.K. (2016). Ethical issues in education we can't afford to ignore. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ethical-issues-in-education. html
- Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (Eds.) (2011). Handbook of qualitative research. Sage Publications.
- Feng-I, F. (2016). School principals’ authentic leadership and teachers’ psychological capital: Teachers’ perspectives. International Education Studies, 9(10), 245-255.
- Gichuhi, J. K., & Karuoya, L. N. (2017). Role of strategic leadership in enhancing ethical practices: A review of literature. EPH-International Journal of Business & Management Science, 3(9), 1-13.
- Green, M., & Russell, T. (2021). Ethical Practices and the role of people professionals.https://www.cipd.asia/knowledge/ factsheets/business-ethics#gref.
- Greenbaum, R. L., Mawritz, B. M., & Piccolo, R. F. (2015). When leaders fail to “‘walk the talk”. Supervisor undermining and perceptions of leader hypocrisy. Journal of Management, 41(3), 929-956.
- Jendia, C. (2015). Leadership, accountability, and integrity: An African perspective. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research, 24(2), 164-176.
- Kapur, R. (2017). Ethical leadership. https://www.researchgate. net/publication/32389602_Ethical_Leadership.
- Katiba Institute, (2016). The vision of Chapter Six of the 2010 Constitution. https://katibainstitute.org/the-vision-of-chapter-six-of-the-2010-constitution/
- Keser, S., & Kocabas, I. (2013). The ethical perceptions of elementary school teachers in the triple perspective of classification of ethics. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 4(3), 1-16.
- Koech, P. M., & Namusonge, G. S. (2012). The effect of leadership styles on organizational performance at state corporations in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Commerce, 2 (1), 1-12.
- Koopman, O. (2017). Phenomenology as a method in education research. In Science Education and Curriculum in South Africa (pp.1-24). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
- Mwinzi, J. M. (2012). Integrating philosophy of education and the goals of education in education practice at Kenyan high schools. (Doctoral Thesis, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa).http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/5843
- Northouse, P. G. (2016). Leadership: Theory and practice (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Qutoshi, S. B. (2018). Phenomenology: A Philosophy and Method of Inquiry. Journal of Education and Educational Development, 5(1), 215-222
- Republic of Kenya, (2010). The Constitution of Kenya, 2010. Retrieved from https://www.refworld.org/docid/4c8508822.html
- Rich, K. L. (2013). Introduction to ethics. In nursing ethics- Across the curriculum and into practice, (3rd ed.). Butts, J.B. & Rich, K.L. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
- Russell, T. (2020). Ethical practice. Retrieved from https://peopleprofession.cipd.org/profession-map/core-behaviours/ ethical-practice.
- Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2016). Research methods for business a skill-building approach (7th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
- Taaliu, S.T. (2017). Corruption in schools and universities in Kenya. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 5(1), 227-231.
- Trent, M. P. (2016). Ethical leadership in today’s community colleges: President’s respond to the completion agenda (Doctoral thesis). Old Dominion University, Virginia, USA.
- TSC Legal Services Division, (2015). Understanding the TSC Code of Conduct and Code of Regulations for Teachers 2015 in the context of emerging challenges in schools. https://www.kssha. or.ke/index.php?option=com_phocadownload&view=category&download=62:tsc-code-of-conduct&id=9:induction-kitale&Itemid=243
- Wanyama, H. (2016, January 18). Uhuru orders audit on education cash. The star.
- Wepukhulu, R. N., & Namasaka, P. N. (2017). Ethical leadership: A theoretical analysis of Kenyan ethical climate. African Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 2(1), 1-14.
- Wood, J. L., & Nevarez, C. (2014). Ethical leadership and the community college: Paradigms, decision-making and praxis. Information Age Publishing, Inc.